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Linking Consonant to Vowel.  

2017-10-09 17:40:51|  分类: Lisa 美国口语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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             Today let's talk about a very important concept called linking. What does linking mean? Linking means connecting and in speach, linking is connecting two words together. There are specific rules that American native speakers follow  when they speak English. But they don't realize the following. Because they are native speakers  they are naturally, smoothly connecting words together. Non native speakers have to learn those rules. If you don't link words together, your speach sounds choppy and mechanical, kind of like computer generated voice, "Hi," " How are you? "So it is very important to learn how to link the words together. You can sounds smooth, and your speech will be interesting to listen to and you will have that natural, smooth connection. 
               Let's learn the first rule of linking. When a word and with the consonant and the following word begins with a vowel (open sound), we connect these words together and we link the final consonant to the initial vowel. 
               Let us take a look how that works. Here we have three sentences, Look at the first sentence,In an instant. We wouldn't say  In an instant. We would connect the final consonant  to the next vowel,In an instant.  So this "n" and the "a" will be said  together.. Listen inan, inan.  So it is kind like this " n"  is over here, nan,,,nan....inan , and this "n"  is connected  following vowel "i" ,  ninstant...In an instant.Repeat after me: "In an instant". So we have a "n" move here so we have an "i" join to this part sounds like nin, one more time, In an instant. 
               Let's us take look at another sound, Let's analyze where are consonants, where are vowels. where are uptinatice of the link. John is a friend of mine.   We have an ""n"  followed by an " i""  therefore we don't say  John is, Juhnis, we linked, we will say Johnis. Here we have an " s" ,followed by a vowel "a" , therefore isa...isa.... Listen Johnisa. Don't say John is a .... Say johnisa.  Friend of, one more opportunity to link. friendof. Let's see the whole sentence together now. Link to smoothly. John is a friend of mine. John is a friend of mine.alright. 
              Let's look at  one more example. I'm an actor.  Look this consonant first vowel, so we say what?  I'm an actor. I man.  I man. and again n plas a, We don't say an actor. We say a nactor. a nactor.  a nactor, repeat.   I'm an actor. I'm an actor.
              There are three very important things you need to know about linking. Number one; Linking does not mean you are speaking fast. A lot of students when they first learn the concept of linking they think they have to speak really fast,  I'm an actor. John is a friend of mine.That was not linking is. Linking is smooth, connected speech, is not choppy, it is smooth connected. It can be slow if you want to make it slow. So remember Linking does not making speak fast. 
             The second thing is very important of linking. is that you still need to remember the concept stressing those key words the content words. Otherwise the words would just sound connected together, and you won't know where one word begins and another one ends. So don't forget the concept of stressing key words.John is a frienomine. John is a friend of mine.  In the final thing is do not link between thought groups. So for example. If I say I'll call you in an instant. I'll call you in an instant. You can separate the groups. and don't link with the comma or when you need to make a pause for a talk group. 
              Alright, let's practice a few more examples. with final consonants and in natural vowels. so if we say build up. Let's link two words together,how would that sound. build up = bill dup. come over= ca mover.  Let's link those together. We have a m at the end of the word come, the e after the end is silent.  there full the m is last sound is  consonant, and over is vowel, Let's link that. come over =ca mover.   Call up = ca lup.  Sounds like ca lup.  For a while=fo ra while.  Where is= Whe ris. Sounds like whe ris. Let's look one more. what if . Let's look at that more intensively/accurately. Look this.  What if . We have a "t" between two vowels, and when the "t" is between two
 vowels. It becomes the fast d. So we link it. We don't say wha tif. We say wha dif.... remember the t between two vowels, sounds like d. even when the t is end of the word, and the next letter of following word is vowel. 
              Alright, Iet's try some sentences now. We don't say Hold on a minute. What we say. Holdon a minute. Holdon a minute. We don't say A cup of coffee. We say Acupof coffee. Give me acupof coffee. We don't say Just a moment. We say Justa moment. Alright, Let 's practice more sentences. It's all I'll need for a while. Where is his uncle? Does everybody here work out? Can I think it over? Why did Adam bring it up again? Linking the final consonant to the following vowel is special important for you if you tend to drop those finel consonants at the end word like lots of students do. So if you have difficult time saying card ,and sounds like car.that linking that d to the following vowel makes a big diffierent, just automatic connected brings to the first position and you are guaranteed to pronounce the final consonant each time. 
   

 

When a word ends in a consonant sound and the next word starts with a vowel sound they can link together. if a word ends in a consonant sound and the next word starts with a vowel sound they can link together smoothly.

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