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All English(全英文)---What is an adjective?  

2017-01-26 08:18:10|  分类: grammar 语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The definition of "adjective" explains it as a word that modifies or describes a noun; 
for example: happy        
1---having feelings of pleasure, for example because something good has happened to you or you are very satisfied with your life. 
He was a happy child who rarely cried. 
the happy couple( =a couple that have just got married or will soon get married)
It's a lovely house and we've been very happy here.
I'm happy that evrything worked out well in the end. 
What a wonderful opportunity! I'm so happy for you.
Word Family:  noun: happiness          adverb: happily            adjective: happy
2---[usually before noun ] a happy time, relationship, event etc  is a good one that makes you feel happy.
This has been the happiest day of my life.
They had a very happy merriage.
I have lots of happy memories of the place.
The story has a happy ending , however.   (Although it's best not to end a sentence with "however" or "though", but that's a common mistake even native speakers make).
When's the happy event (= the birth of your child)? 
3---[not before noun] satisfied or not worried.
[ + with ]         On the whole, I'm happy with the way I look.    
[+about ]          I pretended to agree with her, just to keep her happy.     
happy doing sth           I'm quite happy doing what I'm doing.
一、Predicate Adjectives
As the name indicates, a predicate adjective is an adjective that  is used in the predicate of a sentence-te part of a sentence that asserts of denies something, often containing a ver and the object of the sentence. For example:
Her dress was purple.   
The train is late.
The baby stayed quiet all night!            they are adjectives.            object?
Jim's band plays too loud!
The weather looks good.
二、Possessive  Adjectives
A possessive adjective is a pronominal adjective expressing ownership. A list of posserssive
My       your        his        her          its       our          their         whose            
For example:  
My sister is coming later. 
I like your idea.
The ariline canceled its early flight to New York.
Our team won. 
Whose jacket is this?
三、Demonstrative adjective
The following is a list of demonstative adjectives:
this       that          these          those
For example: 
This book is mine.          
That woman is her mother.
These particular students are extremely bright.
I haven't finished going over those paoers yet.
四、Adjective Clauses
For example:
The dining room, which is downstairs, is too dark.
Here's the letter ( that) I wrote. ("That" is understood and so it does not have to appear in the sentence.)
My mom, whose vision is terrible, wears glasses at all times. 
John, who visits frequently, is ill. 
五、Adective of Degree
The form of an adjective can change based on what it is describing. A positive adjective is the ordinary form of a word ( e.g.“bright"), while a comparative adjective conveys a sense of greater intensity of the adjective (e.g. "brighter"), and a superlative adjective reflects the greatest intensity of the adjective (e.g. "brightest"). 
六、Positive adjective 
A positive adjective is the usual form of an adjective, as opposede to its comparative or superlative form.
七、Comparative Adjectives       In English, the comparative adjectives is usually marked by the suffix -er.
For example:
better        colder       hotter          louder          clearner           dirtier
八、Superlative Adjectives     In English, the superlative degree is usually marked by the suffix-est.
For example: 
best    coldest      hottest        loudest       cleanest          dirtiest
Check out some of the most popular adjectives and their synonyms in the Thesaurus:
beautiful --- lovely, fair, handsome, pretty,fine
good---fine,ok, nice, well, well-done, wonderful, perfect, great, excellent, awesome, cool, charming, amazing, fantastic.
amazing---awesome,wonderful, unbelievable
happy---merry, lucky, glad, pleasant, nice.
great---vast, enormous,huge
bad---awful, terrible, defective, faulty, imperfect.
sad---sorrow
important---necessary, vital, urgent
different---various, diverse.
With different, the word"various" means that there is a large amount of something and "diverse" is generally used when describing a large group that have several different types, most commonly used to descibe a population. for example: San Francisco is a diverse community. The community, being the people of San Francisco, have many ethnic groups and people of varous religious faiths. people who have different lifestyles. 
nice---happy, glad, cheerful, joyful, merry, pleasant, agreeable.
strong---force, powerful.
awesome---good, excellent, wonderful, cool, charning, amazing, factastic.
excited---eager,hot
perfect---excellent, skilled, expert
imteresting---funny, amusing, entertaining.


When speaking, Adjectives and adverbs give colour to what we are saying. Adjectives describe nouns or pronouns and adverbs describe or modify the verb.


For example if we look at this sentence-
“The cat (noun) is on the table” - and add an adjective to it, it will make it sound much better and also give the person listening more of a visual picture of what the book looks like- “The big grey (adjectives) cat is on the table.” An example using an adverb could be “Jane walked up the street slowly.”In this sentence, “slowly” shows us the way Jane walked.

When we think of adjectives, we first have to look at two forms- adjectives ending in –ed and adjectives ending in –ing. Adjectives ending in –ed describe how we feel about something- I am bored, whereas, adjectives ending in –ingdescribe how something is- Football is very boring. Adjectives can also be divided into groups according to the type they are- colour, material etc.

Word order of adjectives is also very important. When we have a number of adjectives before a noun we must use a system to keep them in the right order. We can normally divide adjectives into the following groups-
Opinion She has a wonderful voice.
Size Alex drives a big car.
Age They have bought a new house.
Shape An oval table.
Colour A pair of black trousers.
origin It’s an Italian car.
material or type I collect silk ties.

We also keep them in this order if we have adjectives belonging to more than one group in a sentence- I am wearing my new black dress tomorrow. (age, colour)
Adverbs can be divided into 4 groups- Manner, Place, Time and Frequency. Adverbs of manner (end in –ly) show how we do something- The boys were laughing loudly. Adverbs of place show where something is- The bank is overthere. Adverbs of time tell us when something happened or is happening- She is going  to go abroad tomorrow. Adverbs of frequency show how often we do something- Jane always goes abroad in the summer holidays.

The position of adverbs in sentences depends on the type of adverbs used. Adverbs of manner go after the verb (laughs loudly), adverbs of place go at the end of the sentence (she’s over there), adverbs of time can go either at the start or end of a sentence (Next Monday.../...at the moment.) and adverbs of frequency go between the pronoun and the verb (I always go).
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