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All the English about use of tenses  

2017-01-18 11:07:40|  分类: grammar 语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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present tense/simple  现在时
        present perfect 现在完成时
        present perfect continuous 现在完成进行时
        present continous 现在进行时
past tense/simple 过去时
        past perfect 过去完成时
        past perfect continuous 过去完成进行时
        past continuous 过去进行时
        past future 过去将来时
        past future perfect 过去将来完成时
future tense/simple 将来时时
        future perfect 将来完成时
        future continuous 将来进行时
Basically so much, there are a few tense, do not write, because usually do not use.
namely time andaspect. The following table illustrates this very clearly.
 Time                                Aspect
Present                           Simple
Past                                  Continuous
Future                               Perfect
This basically implies that Time refers to WHEN an action takes place (whether it takes place in the present, past or future), whereas Aspect refers to HOW the speaker sees the event or action.
The Simple Aspect is used to describe actions or events which are seen to be completed. Here are a few examples:
Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. (permanent / fact)
We went to the cinema yesterday. (complete action)
John wakes up at 6am every day. (habitual)

The Continuous Aspect is used to describe actions or events which are temporary or still in progress.The examples below illustrate this.
I’m currently living in Cyprus. (temporary – at the moment)

I’ve been learning English for eight years. (action in progress – I am still learning English now)
Jane was sleeping when the phone rang. (long action interrupted by a short action)

The Perfect Aspect is used to express two different times. Very often one action would have been completed before the other one. Here are some examples to illustrate this point.
Milly has already read that book. (some time before now – two times)

By the time you arrived they had left. (some time before then – two times)
will have done the ironing by the time you phone me. (some time before you phone me – two times)
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