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2012-04-11 16:54:34|  分类: 英语文本 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 1)请假(Asking for Leave)
  Directions:You are about to write a Business Leave Note of about 100 words. Please describe these information clearly.
  1) the reason you ask for the leave
  2) the time and how long you will leave
  Class 4, Grade 3
  Aug. 22nd
  To Department Office

Secretary Li,
  I’m sorry to apply for ten day’s leave from the Aug. 23rd to sept, 3rd instant. As I have to leave with the time is urgent. My father now in the hospital is badly ill. I have to go to see him and take care of him for a few days. You know I’m the only child in my family. Of course I will show you the telegram about my fathers illness which is recieved from my mother to support my application.
  As concern as the missed lessons during my absence, I promise I will do my best to catch them on after I come back to the campus. Wish for your allowance.
  Yours respectfully
  *本文是一封请假条,一般我们要向上级或老师请假,通常用的是ack for leave这个短语,请三天假可写作:ask for three days’ leave;因病请假则是ask for sick leave.leave在这里是名词用法,文中用的短语是apply for意为“申请”,含有更加郑重的意味,常用于下级对上级或晚辈对长辈的书面语中,“Only child”意为“独生子女”相应的,“独生女”译作“only daughter”而“独生子”译作“only son”. As concern as.后面跟名词性结构,意为“涉及到,至于”与Concerning同意,两者可以互换。

  Directions:You have a ticket to the Russian National Ballet Troupe, which is visiting and you want to give it to your friend Alice. Write a note to her and say:
  1) the time of the show,
  2) the place where you will wait for her
  You should write about 100 words.

Dear Alice,
  Here is a piece of good news for you. The Russian National Ballet Troupe, which is now on a visit in Beijing, will give a performance in the Beijing Grand Theater tomorrow evening. I am sure that you will be happy to watch it. Here I leave you an admission card. The performance will begin at seven o’clock sharp. I will wait for you at the theater entrance. Please let me know whether you are prevented from coming or not.
  * 约朋友一起去看戏,可是朋友不在家,只好留下票子和一张便条,但又怕朋友来不了,所以在便条最后特地写上“如果你来不了,告诉我一声”(Please let me know whether you are prevented from coming)此文的wait for也可以用expect 代替。

  Directions: You have missed a date of your friend, now you have to write a letter for appologization in about 100 words.
  May 20th

  Dear Lily,
  I am sorry I missed seeing you yesterday. I know that you must have been disappointed. I also feel worried and anxious in my heart. The fact is that my manager at the last moment asked me to prepare a urgent plan while I could not get to a phone to call you and yesterday I have worked late until about 8:30 p. m. I am terribly sorry.
  However, I would like to ask you out this weekend to make up for yesterday. Please give me a chance and I am waiting for your reply.
  * 临时有事未能赴约,一定要把事情解释清楚并真诚的道歉,最好能有弥补(to make up),就像这封信里所说的那样,邀请对方周末再碰头(I would like to ask you out this weekend)注意英文句子you must have been disappointed中情态动词的用法:情态动词+完成时态,表示过去行为。这句话应该理解为“你当时一定感到很失望”。
  Directions: You have received a invitation from your friend, but you have already had some guests in your house. Please express the reason you can’t go clearly in about 100 words.

  Dear Lucy,
  I do appologize for having to send this letter about Saturday night.
  When I accepted your invitation, I simply forgot that Saturday was a holiday and that my own guests were not leaving until Sunday morning. It is difficult for me to make a choice. Though I also wonder to meet you very much. I could not very well go out by myself and leave the guests at my home.
  I hope you know how sorry I am not to be with you this Saturday. Should I make a visit to you in my other spare time?
  Thank you very much.
  * 自己家里有客人,自然不方便再接受别人邀请去做客所以可以明正言顺的表示拒绝或可另约时间。英文要强调谓语动词,可以加上助动词,例如:
  I do apologize for being late.
  He did come yesterday.

  Directions: You are already have a date with your friend but suddenly have another thing to do and you have to tell your friend that you can’t go. Express your reason clearly in about 100 words.
  Monday 9:00 a.m


  Dear Jane,
  I am sorry to tell you that I won’t be able to come this afternoon because I have to go to the airport at 2:00 p. m. to meet an overseas visitor from Australia. I really have kept our datd in my mind all these days, however, I received my boss’ e-mail this morning, he asked me to go to the airport to meet one of his friends from abroad, it’s suddenly and urgent and I must go. Please forgive me. Would you please ring me up to make another time?
  Many thanks.
  * 因有事而不能赴约,只能另约时间(to make或to fix another time)。写信人Bluce很可能是英国人,因为他把“打电话”说成to ring somebody up,美国人通常说to call somebody。英国人打电话还可以说 to give somebody a ring,不要错以为别人要送你个戒指。与别人已经定好的约会却临时不能赴约时,应说明原因并诚恳地道歉,以期获得别人的谅解。

  Directions:You are going to write a note for borrowing sth. please deseribe these information clearly.
  1) the thing you ask
  2) detailed what you are going to do with it.
  3) how long will you take it.

  Dear Xiao Wang:
  I wonder if I could borrow your electronic dictionary for a few days. Now I am translating some important articles. There are many new words which I have to look up the dictionary usually. I just have a paper dictionary but of course it’s not as convenient as the electronic one, which has a bad effect upon my velocity of my translating. So I think your electonic dictionary is more suitable for me to complete my work. I promise that I must be very careful of your dictionary and make no damage done on it. Thank you very much!
  Yours ever
  *字典是我们日常生活中常用的学习工具,但是千万不能直接从字面上认为“查字典”就是“check the dictionary”,而应该用“look up”这个固定短语来表达。
  “影响……”有一个很地道的短语。“have effect upon/on”,后面接受影响的人或物,如果是积极影响就在have和effect之间加a good ,反之,就加“a bad”其他的形容词例如great, remarkable也可以用来修饰effect,此词在这里是名词。

  5)回复友人问侯(Reply for Regards)
  Directions:You have just had a operation, and received a note of regards from your friend Jenny. Now please write a reply to her to tell her your current situation.
  You should write about 100 words.

  Dear Jenny,
  Thanks for your letter of sympthy I received the day before yesterday. The operation on my leg was a wonderful success. You know I had been suffering a lot from my leg since my childhood. The operation removed the cause of trouble. It is quite worth having the operation. I am daily recovering from my illness. I’m confident I will soon be in the office again after proper treatment. Thank you for kind wishes.
  My best wishes to all your family
  *这是对好友问侯便条的回复。形式简单,内容明了。过去完成进行时“I had been suffering…my childhood”表示动作从过去一直持续到现在。
   Directions:Your father is seriously ill, and you want to go back home. Write a note to the secretary and it should include.
  1) the cause for leaving;

       2) the days: from 16th to 21 st;
  3) Catch on the lesson after returning school.
  July 5th

  Dear Miss Huang,
  My sister called me last night, and she said that my father is dangerously ill. I beg to apply for seven days’ leave of absence from 16th to 21st instant, in order that I can see my beloved father.
  I should be much obliged if you would grant me my application. As regards the lessons to be missed during my absence, I will do my best to make up for them as soon as I get back from home.
  Sincerely yours,
  *本格式采用The Semi-indented Form(半缩进式),以前比较流行,现在人们也继续采用。I should be much obliged if you would...是一种客套语,表示“结果……,我当不胜感激。”“补课”的英文是to make up for the lessons。 as soon as意思是尽快。


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